Knowing Your Child’s Vaccination Schedule 2018

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Knowing Your Child’s Vaccination Schedule 2018

As a parent, you want to do everything possible to make sure their children are healthy and protected from preventable diseases. Vaccination is the best way to do that. Vaccination protects children from serious illness and complications of vaccine-preventable diseases which can include amputation of an arm or leg, paralysis of limbs, hearing loss, convulsions, brain damage, and death. The vaccine schedule below is recommended by the CDC, the IAP and most physicians. It is reviewed annually by a diverse group of healthcare providers and public health officials and changed as necessary to include the latest research and safety guidelines.

Vaccination Chart for Indian Babies

Age (completed)VaccinesDosesContent Tag
BirthBacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG)1BCG
Oral polio vaccine (OPV 0)1OPV
Hepatitis B (Hep – B1)1Hep -B
6 weeksDiptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTwP 1)1DTP
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV 1)1IPV
Hepatitis B  (Hep – B2)1Hep -B
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib 1)1Hib
Rotavirus 11Rotavirus
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 1)1PCV
10 weeksDiptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTwP 2)1DTP
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV 2)1IPV
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib 2)1Hib
Rotavirus 21Rotavirus
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 2)1PCV
14 weeksDiptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTwP 3)1DTP
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV 3)1IPV
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib 3)1Hib
Rotavirus 31Rotavirus
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 3)1PCV
6 monthsOral polio vaccine (OPV 1)1OPV
Hepatitis B (Hep – B3)1Hep -B
9 monthsOral polio vaccine (OPV 2)1OPV
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR – 1)1MMR
9 – 12 monthsTyphoid Conjugate Vaccine1Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
12 monthsHepatitis A (Hep – A1)1Hep -A
15 monthsMeasles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR 2)1MMR
Varicella 11Varicella
PCV booster1PCV
16 to 18 monthsDiphtheria, Perussis, and Tetanus (DTwP B1/DTaP B1)1DTP
Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV B1)1IPV
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib B1)1Hib
18 monthsHepatitis A (Hep – A2)1Hep -A
2 yearsBooster of Typhoid
Conjugate Vaccine
1Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
4 to 6 yearsDiphtheria, Perussis, and Tetanus (DTwP B2/DTaP B2)1DTP
Oral polio vaccine (OPV 3)1OPV
Varicella 21Varicella
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR 3)1MMR
10 to 12 yearsTdap/Td1Tdap
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)1HPV

Note: Do as your pediatrician suggests, as this is only a general guideline.

IAP Recommended Vaccines for High-risk* Children (Vaccines under special circumstances)

  1. Influenza Vaccine
  2. Meningococcal Vaccine
  3. Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine
  4. Cholera Vaccine
  5. Rabies Vaccine
  6. Yellow Fever Vaccine
  7. Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPSV 23)

 

*High-risk category of children

  • Congenital or acquired immunodeficiency (including HIV infection)
  • Chronic cardiac, pulmonary (including asthma if treated with prolonged high dose oral corticosteroids), hematologic, renal (including nephrotic syndrome), liver disease and diabetes mellitus
  • Children on long-term steroids, salicylates, immunosuppressive or radiation therapy
  • Diabetes mellitus, cerebrospinal fluid leak, cochlear implant, malignancies
  • Children with functional/ anatomic asplenia/hyposplenia
  • During disease outbreaks
  • Laboratory personnel and healthcare workers
  • Travelers
  • Children having pets at home
  • Children perceived with higher threat of being bitten by dogs such as hostellers, risk of stray dog while going outdoor

 

Things to Remember During Vaccination

 

  • Try to adhere to your child’s vaccination schedule and never miss a vaccine. If you do miss a vaccine, approach your pediatrician to discuss if it can be given at a later time.
  • In case your child has fever, inform your doctor before immunization. Your doctor may need to reschedule.
  • Sometimes, the doctor may give you the option of painful or painless vaccines. As parents, we want to avoid causing any pain to our child. However, please discuss the difference between painful and painless vaccines to make an informed decision. As per studies, the painless vaccine may have a faster period of waning (i.e. the immunity decreases faster) than the painful vaccine.
  • For some vaccines, it’s normal to get fever for a few days after it is administered. You can use a sponge bath to reduce your baby’s temperature. Visit your doctor in case fever persists beyond 1-2 days.
  • Take along a family member or your spouse, if possible, to assist you during your child’s vaccination. This will help distract and comfort the child during and after the shot is given. Carry your child’s favorite toy, blanket, etc. to comfort them.
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